To prevent bee deaths, the area of flowers and trees needs to be doubled
  • At least 300,000 hectares of honey source fields are required for the health of bee colonies
  • ‘Crisis of Bees and Proposal for Protection Policy’ jointly published by Greenpeace and Andong National University

To prevent the mass death of bees, which is a global problem, a report has come out that Korea must have a minimum area of 300,000 hectares (flowers and trees) for honey bees. This is twice the current honey source field area of 150,000 hectares.

In celebration of World Bee Day on the 20th, on the 18th, Greenpeace published a report titled ‘The Crisis of Bees and Proposals for Protection Policy’ together with Andong National University Industrial Cooperation Foundation, and presented the causes and solutions for bee mortality in Korea.

According to the report, bees strengthen their immunity by ingesting nectar and pollen from various nectar plants, such as locust trees, chestnut trees, and rapeseed. However, the area of honey sources has decreased by about 325,000 hectares over the past 50 years.

The sharp decline in domestic honey plants led to malnutrition and reduced immunity of bees, and they became more vulnerable to parasites, pesticides, insecticides, and natural enemy wasps. It is analyzed that this has triggered the honey bee colony collapse phenomenon (CCD), in which 14.1 billion bees have recently disappeared.

Bee carcasses in the hands of a Greenpeace activist in Germany (Photo=Greenpeace)

The report suggested that the honey source area should be at least 300,000 hectares, ▲the creation of various milk sources in national and public forests, ▲expanding direct payment for afforestation to provide ecosystem services in private forests, ▲expanding habitats for pollen vectors in living areas, and ▲establishing a committee under the Prime Minister.

This report is the first time that specific figures for the domestic target honey source area have been presented. The report explained that the natural honey requirement of bees living in one hive is at least 30 kg, and about 300 kg of honey can be produced from 1 hectare of the honey source tree. Therefore, considering the domestic beekeeping bees, native bees, and wild bees, a minimum of 300,000 hectares is required.

As a result of a recent analysis by the Korea Forest Service based on clinical conditions, it was revealed that Korea’s honey source area is only about 150,000 hectares. The Forest Service plans to expand the honey source area by about 3,800 ha every year, but at this rate, it will take about 40 years to secure the necessary honey source area, and about 100 years to reach the previous level.

The report said that to expand the honey source area, it is necessary to establish a plan to strengthen the ecosystem function, such as securing flower beds containing honey plants in urban parks or living areas. I heard the case of the Netherlands, which is making efforts for this.

Cheol-Eui Jeong, a professor of plant medicine at Andong University, who wrote this report, said, “Milwon plants are essential for food security and sustainable ecosystem maintenance by providing food and habitats not only for bees but also for natural enemies insects.”

Taeyoung Choi, a Greenpeace biodiversity campaigner, said, “The mass mortality of bees is evidence that the climate crisis is happening, and more active policies are needed to respond to the climate crisis.”


Foreign Affairs Journal

21:30 May 18 2023

The Biden government’s new asylum policy is Trump season 2
  • Federal COVID-19 public health asylum ban lifted
  • Enforcement of the Asylum Enforcement Decree of the Immigration Act, which the Biden government has refined

As the Biden administration banned asylum applications for the reason of Corona 19, the Immigration Law Enforcement Decree, which was prepared for concern about large-scale refugees, inherited the Trump administration’s asylum policy and is virtually blocking asylum applications.

Title 42 of the federal public health law, which banned people from seeking asylum after crossing the U.S. border without permission, on the grounds of COVID-19, was lifted on the 11th.

‘Title 8’, the Biden administration’s amended immigration law asylum regulations, which entered into force on the same day, came out in line with the situation returning to the original immigration law regulations as the Corona 19 situation was over.

Title 42 of the federal public health law, from March 2020 on the grounds of a public health situation, if you cross the border and apply for asylum, in principle, you are not accepted and immediately sent out of the border. During this process, there were no disadvantages under the immigration law, so refugees crossed the border several times.

As the immigration law ’ title 8’, which began to be applied later, applies, refugees are banned from entering the country for five years if they are caught and deported while crossing the border, as before Corona 19.

There are ways to apply for asylum in the United States: ▲ Voluntarily submit an asylum application to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) within the United States before the deportation trial ▲ Apply for asylum as a remedy for deportation at the deportation trial ▲ Unauthorized entrants caught at the border are in an emergency If you apply for asylum during the deportation review process, if you claim that you have been or are at risk of persecution in your home country for racial, religious, or political reasons, the asylum officer will review whether your claim is credible. receive

Title 8 of the Enforcement Decree of the Amended Asylum and Immigration Act applies to all non-Mexican nationals who enter the United States without permission through the Mexican border or sea, except for minors who cross the border alone.

According to the Enforcement Decree, to be able to apply for asylum after crossing the Mexican border ▲If you come to Mexico through a third country and cross the border, you must apply for asylum in the country you passed through first, and if your application is rejected ▲Before entering the United States Apply for an asylum interview by downloading an app called ‘CBD One’ of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (USCBP) ▲ It is limited to cases where you have ‘applied for parole’ and received approval before entering the United States. Otherwise, they are considered ineligible to apply for asylum in the United States.

According to the American Hankook Ilbo, it is pointed out that the Biden government’s new immigration law enforcement decree is not realistic in the field. According to the enforcement decree, other Latin American countries through which asylum seekers pass before entering the United States do not have a proper asylum review process, and there is a risk of being kidnapped or raped during the lengthy asylum application process. Asylum applications through a dedicated app are also difficult to access and the number of people who can be reserved is extremely limited, raising questions about their effectiveness.

Jerry Ahn

Foreign Affairs Journal

16:08 May 18 2023

Cyclone ‘Moca’ hits Bangladesh and Myanmar coast

Strong cyclones strengthened to Category 5 hit Bangladesh and Myanmar’s coastline.

According to the BBC on the 15th, Cyclone Mocha, accompanied by heavy rain and strong winds, destroyed more than 500 shelters in Cox’s Bazar, the world’s largest refugee camp, and caused landslides and floods.

Communication tower collapses due to storms that hit Bangladesh and Myanmar (photo = BBC broadcasting Capture)

The Bangladeshi government did not allow Rohingya refugees to leave camps or build permanent structures, forcing refugees to deal with the storm in lax bamboo shelters.

Families with young children are trapped in temporary cyclone shelters.(Photo = BBC)
Inside the temporary cyclone shelter (photo = BBC)

Hundreds of people flocked to a school in the city that turned into a temporary cyclone shelter, sleeping at their desks and sitting under their desks because there was no empty space in the classroom.

More than half a million people have been evacuated from southeastern Bangladesh, authorities said.

The cyclone, considered the strongest storm in 20 years, also took a heavy toll on neighboring Myanmar.

Near the city of Sitwe, Myanmar, the storm cut off electricity and communication in many places, blew roofs and flooded streets.

Local media reported that a 14-year-old boy was killed by a fallen tree in Myanmar’s Rakhine state, and buildings were damaged and collapsed in various parts of Myanmar.

The maximum sustained wind speed within 75 kilometers of the center of the cyclone is 195 kilometers per hour, with gusts reaching 215 kilometers per hour, the Bangladesh Meteorological Agency said. The cyclone is 520 kilometers in diameter and will take time to completely pass through the coastline.

Cyclone mocha is expected to bring heavy rain, posing a serious threat to people living in hill camps where landslides occur regularly.

AI Ramanathan Balakrishnan, UN humanitarian coordinator, said, “It is a nightmare scenario for a cyclone to occur in an area that already desperately needs humanitarian aid. It is affecting hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people whose ability to cope with a series of crises has been severely undermined.”


Foreign Affairs Journal

03:09 May 15 2023

Charles III crowned with traditional rituals amid mixed reactions

King Charles III was officially crowned at Westminster Abbey on Saturday, the 6th.

The coronation, which shows medieval royal authority, culminated when he received the St. Edward’s Crown, an elaborate jewel-decorated pure gold helmet, sitting in a centuries-old oak chair with a ceremony to present a jewel, sword, and hall to the king.

King Charles III of England receives the crown of Saint Edward during a coronation at Westminster Abbey in London. (Photo=Andrew Matthews/Pool via AP)

On this day, Charles declared his promise to serve, accepting the title of the sure king of England, attended by world leaders, foreign dignitaries and celebrities.

Then, as the trumpet sounded in the medieval monastery, more than two thousand people enthusiastically shouted, “Save the king!” Outside, thousands of troops, hundreds of thousands of spectators, and countless protesters gathered.

It was an opportunity for many spectators to participate in the historic event, including campers who endured the bad weather. However, many people were indifferent and for them, this ritual did not inspire awe.

A small group of people advocating republicanism gathered in hundreds and shouted, “Not my king.” They perceive the monarchy as a system that maintains privilege and inequality in countries suffering from deepening poverty and weakening social ties. Some were arrested by police on the same day.

King Charles III of England, wearing an Imperial State Crown and holding a Sovereign Orb and Hall after a coronation in central London, leaves Westminster Abbey. (Photo=Ben Stansall/POOL via AP)

This magnificent transplant, which has lasted for over a thousand years, has consolidated the authority of the British monarch. Charles, who ascended the throne as the 40th monarch in the monastery on this day, ascended the throne at the age of 74 and set a record for the oldest.

Currently, the king of England has no administrative or political authority, and coronations are limited to purely ceremonial roles.

Editor / Foreign Affairs Journal

15:36 May 08 2023

The Overseas Koreans’ Office will be installed in Incheon, and the integrated civil service office will be located in Gwanghwamun, Seoul
  • Full-fledged preparations for the establishment of the Overseas Koreans’ Office
  • Convenience, accessibility, work efficiency, and location for balanced local development of overseas Koreans

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced on the 8th that it has decided to locate Incheon, the location of the Overseas Koreans’ Office, which will be launched on June 5th on “Foreign Koreans’ Day” in accordance with the revision of the Government Organization Act. The Overseas Koreans Service Support Center will be established in Gwanghwamun, Seoul, for the convenience of overseas Koreans.

(Photo = Ministry of Foreign Affairs Briefing)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the ruling party discussed the location of the Overseas Koreans’ Office through party-government consultations, and decided to place the main office in Incheon and the service support center in Gwanghwamun, Seoul.

The Overseas Koreans’ Office is a dedicated organization that oversees policies and projects related to 7.5 million overseas Koreans. The National Assembly passed the “Framework Act on Overseas Koreans,” which will present the basic goals and directions of overseas Koreans’ policies, last month, laying the legal foundation for strengthening overseas Koreans’ policies more effectively.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs said it will make efforts to protect the rights and interests of overseas Koreans, promote welfare, strengthen solidarity with the domestic community, and create an environment that can contribute to the development of the country.

An official from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said, “The Overseas Koreans’ Office is an organization that listens to the voices of overseas Koreans, establishes policies, and contains the will of the government to grow with overseas Koreans.”

Earlier, the demand for establishing government departments related to overseas Koreans and immigration exchanges has been steadily raised since the past, and with the number of overseas Koreans reaching 7.32 million as of 2021, there has been a need to comprehensively and systematically respond to changes in the policy environment.

During the 20th presidential election, both ruling and opposition candidates promised to establish the Overseas Koreans’ Office, and discussions began in earnest when the new government was launched and the establishment of the Overseas Koreans’ Office was announced on October 6, 2022. Previously, related ministries and the Overseas Koreans Foundation divided the work of overseas Koreans, and to strengthen one-stop support for overseas Koreans, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ policy function was transferred and a separate organization dedicated to overseas Koreans was established.

The Overseas Koreans’ Office will also perform functions such as overseas Koreans and group exchange cooperation, network revitalization, next-generation Koreans’ education, and cultural promotion projects, and will strengthen support policy functions for overseas Koreans and provide one-stop civil service through cooperation with related ministries. Along with the upgrade of the Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs to the Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs, there were no differences between the ruling and opposition parties in establishing the Overseas Korean.

On November 24, 2022, the People’s Power Overseas Koreans’ Office Establishment Promotion Team, the Ministry of Public Administration and Security, the ministry in charge of the Government Organization Act, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the organizer of the Overseas Koreans’ Office.

The National Assembly Administration and Security Committee passed a revision bill on February 16, 2023, which included the establishment of the Overseas Korean Office and the upgrade of the Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs. Subsequently, the establishment was confirmed as it passed the plenary session of the National Assembly on February 27.

The Overseas Koreans’ Office is the first Cheong Wa Dae-level agency under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, consisting of a planning coordinator, operation support department, overseas Koreans’ policy bureau, and exchange and cooperation bureau. The Overseas Koreans’ Office is an external office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that provides civil service services such as exchange and cooperation of 7.5 million overseas Koreans living abroad, next-generation Korean education, and consular affairs, legal affairs, military affairs, and education.

New organization chart (image = government policy data room)

By attracting the Overseas Koreans’ Office, it has added 3 million Incheon citizens and 7.5 million overseas Koreans, making it a global hub city supported by 10 million citizens. The Incheon Metropolitan Government expects to boost investment in multinational companies and attract international organizations by attracting overseas Koreans and create synergy with the “New Hong Kong City Project,” a key pledge of the 8th popular election.

The Overseas Korean Service Support Center, which will be set up in Gwanghwamun, Seoul, considered that it is convenient for foreign Koreans to be close to the embassies of the nationality if they want to see nationality affairs and visa work.

Prior to the official opening of the Overseas Korean Office and the Overseas Korean Service Support Center on June 5, the Overseas Korean Office will temporarily move into the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) building in Songdo, Nam-gu, Incheon, from May 15. The Overseas Koreans Service Support Center will move into the Gwanghwamun Opicia Building located in Gwanghwamun, Jongno-gu, Seoul.

Jerry Ahn

Foreign Affairs Journal

16:37 May 09 2023